What Really is Vertigo?
Vertigo is the sensation of rotation, rocking, or spinning environment that’s experienced even when someone’s really still. People with these dizzy bouts might feel like they are spinning or the environment around them is spinning.
An inner ear condition is often the cause of vertigo. Some common causes of vertigo include:
An accumulation of tiny particles of calcium (canaliths) in the inner ear canals causes BPPV (benign paroxysmal positional vertigo). Signals about body and head movements in relation to gravity are sent to the brain by the inner ear. This helps maintain your balance.
BPPV has no known cause but it may be age-related.
Labyrinthitis or vestibular neuritis
This inner ear problem often results from a viral infection. The infection leads to inner ear inflammation around vital nerves that help the body gain balance.
This inner ear condition is thought to result from a build up of fluid as well as changes in pressure in the inner ear. It can cause bouts of vertigo along with tinnitus and hearing loss.
Less common triggers for vertigo include migraine headaches, brain problems like tumor or stroke, some medicines that cause ear damage, as well as neck/head injury.
Symptoms of vertigo
Vertigo itself is one symptom, instead of being a medical disorder that has signs and symptoms.
People suffering with vertigo normally feel as they’re spinning, tilting, swaying, pulled to a single direction, and unbalanced.
Other symptoms may accompany vertigo, including feeling nauseated, vomiting, sweating, headache, abnormal/jerking eye movements (nystagmus), tinnitus or hearing loss.
Symptoms can occur and disappear and can last a few hours or even a few minutes.
Vertigo treatment options
The cause of vertigo is what determines the treatment option. Vertigo disappears without treatment in many cases. So, why is this? This is due to the fact that partly to inner ear changes at least, the brain may adapt, relying on other means to balance.
Treatment is required for some people and may include:
This kind of physical therapy is meant to strengthen your vestibular system. The vestibular system is responsible for transmitting signals to your brain regarding head and body motions relative to gravity.
Sometimes medication can be given to ease symptoms like motion sickness or nausea related to vertigo. For vertigo that is due to inflammation or infection, some steroids or antibiotics may be given to relieve swelling and cure infection. For those with Meniere’s disease, they may be prescribed water pills or diuretics to relieve the pressure resulting from fluid buildup.
A few vertigo cases may require surgery. If something serious like a neck or brain injury, or tumor is behind the vertigo problem, treating these conditions can help alleviate the condition.
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